How To Setup a SIA Host – Windows Tutorial


SIA is a decentralized storage community that enables renters to maintain their knowledge secure and 100% non-public. Some of its major promoting factors is that SIA provides very competent costs per saved Terabyte of knowledge due of its decentralized nature.

All transactions throughout the community are finished utilizing the SIA coin and there are 3 ways of getting your arms on it:

SIA Hosting vs Mining

Mining helps the decentralized nature of the SIA blockchain. Just like, say, Ethereum, SIA wants a number of hashpower to remain decentralized and dependable. That’s why it’s carried out utilizing GPUs and ASICs (although as of right now, solely the latter is considerably worthwhile).

Hosting, alternatively, doesn’t generate any SIA cash. Instead, hosts create the product SIA is providing, which is decentralized storage. Any cash you earn by means of internet hosting are cash somebody paid to hire space for storing from the community.

The SIA Coin – What to Do with It

You can trade, maintain it (Sia-UI pockets) or you need to use it to purchase low cost cloud storage and hold your information secure there.

How to Host SIA

Let’s get into the meat of the article.

1) First and foremost, you’ll want to adjust to the minimal necessities:

  • Have a PC that’s on 24/7, with a downtime of as much as 14 hours per thirty days
  • Have free storage of no less than 4TB (although ideally, it is best to at all times have extra than 4TB free to have larger host rating). Depending on the offers you discover, 6TB onerous drives normally provide the perfect worth per TB. Second hand onerous drives work too.
  • A dependable web reference to no knowledge caps
  • Good bandwidth. To provide you with just a few examples, you want no less than 6 Mbps to attain a 2/10 and 10 Mbps to attain a 5/10. The larger your rating, the extra probabilities there are you’ll get a contract. Besides, you’ll earn probably the most from importing and downloading information moderately than from storing them. A superb web connection is essential.
  • Own no less than $4-10 price of SIA cash (that’s ~2,000-4,000 SC by the point I’m posting this text)
  • Commitment. This one is extra about technique. If you cease internet hosting whereas having lively contracts you’ll lose cash. Plus, it takes weeks to construct a great observe file and get a node to good rank, so, earlier than you truly begin, be sure you can decide to internet hosting.

2) Here are just a few extras that may provide help to:

  • Battery backup – in case the ability goes off, particularly in case your electrical energy supplier proved to be unreliable prior to now
  • Linux OS – whilst you can host on Windows, Linux is a greater choice so in case you can, use it as an alternative. Ill use Windows this time.
  • A Solar Panel – in case you reside in a sunny space, having a type of would possibly provide help to lower your expenses in the long term.

3) Getting the proper software program

  • SIA Wallet – the very first thing you want is the official SIA pockets. You will use it to retailer your SIA cash and you may also add and obtain information from it in case you resolve to turn out to be a renter and provides your mined SIA tokens a use.
  • SIA Host Manager – This is an open supply device I might strongly counsel you to make use of to handle your host. You can clearly use the SIA Wallet alone however the Host Manager from siacentral has fairly just a few helpful options you don’t need to miss. It means that you can monitor connection standing, add, take away and resize storage folders, change host configuration, get superior metrics and do different helpful issues.
  • Your Host Page on SIAStats.com – SIAStats is a particularly helpful web site that means that you can monitor your host and see how a lot SIA likes it. The SIA community makes use of a rating system that decides which hosts can be proven to renters first. Higher rank means extra potential contracts. Keeping a watch in your host, in addition to on different hosts is vital.
  • SIAStats has an alarm characteristic that may notify you as quickly as your host goes offline or has some other points. The cellular one is fairly helpful, I might undoubtedly suggest you giving it a strive.

Sia Hosting Hardware

Here is the {hardware} that i used for this sia internet hosting computer (under you’ll find different and possibly higher alternate options as properly)

NAS (Network Attached Storage) for Hosting SIA
Synology 1 bay NAS DiskStation DS118 (Diskless)

Price Disclaimer

Synology 2 Bay NAS DiskStation DS720+ (Diskless)

Price Disclaimer

How to Set a SIA Host

Once you will have every part prepared, observe me alongside the next steps to put in and configure your SIA host:

SIA Wallet and Host Manager Installation

1) Port Forwarding Router Setup

First of all we must ahead the next ports: 9980, 9981, 9982, 9983. This might be finished out of your router. Here is a really helpful article if that is new for you!

2) Sia Wallet Installation
  • obtain from official web site https://sia.tech/get-started
  • Install, create new pockets (choose import from seed if you have already got one), save the seed, watch for full sync
  • To skip the ready obtain Bootstrap from right here: https://siastats.information/consensus.html, as soon as downloaded (bear in mind to utterly shut SIA-UI pockets) go to “C:UsersUSERAppDataRoamingSia-UIsia” and add archive content material there (substitute the information and folders). Start Sia-UI as soon as once more and watch for full sync.
  • Once synced go to dashboard, click on on pockets, click on “more” prime proper, choose change password, use your seed as present password after which kind your new password. If no password set, pockets will ask for seed each time we open it.
  • Go to “Receive” tab and generate new tackle, copy it, we are going to use it later.
3) Sia Host Manager Installation and Configuration
  • Download newest model of SIA Host Manager from right here https://github.com/siacentral/host-manager/releases/
  • Install it, choose “Import” when requested if you wish to import your configuration from Sia-UI Wallet (it would mechanically import pockets tackle and synced course of)
  • Leave “Daemon Flags” as they’re, except you need to change them.
  • Send 3,000 SIA to your newly generated pockets tackle (You can purchase SIA right here If you don’t personal any), choose “Done” when funds are transferred.
  • Connection: You will discover connection issues with the primary run however you wont have to fret about it, we are going to repair it within the subsequent steps
  • Storage: Add your area to Host Manager
  • SIA Host Price configuration (right here you’ll be able to set your individual costs):
    • Contract Price: 0.30 SC
    • Storage Price: 460 SC TB/m
    • Collateral: 920 SC
    • Max Contract Duration: 6 Months
    • Download Price: 460 SC/tb
    • Registry Size: 10 GB
  • Announce Host
    • Optionally however really helpful (additionally it’s a should in case you use storj on the identical machine) you’ll be able to set a customized DNS to your host earlier than to announce it. I personally use duiadns.web (its utterly free and really simple to make use of)
    • Signup, verify account, create your hostname (eg: siahost.duia.eu), obtain home windows shopper set up it, run it, enter your hostname and account password. It will mechanically begin with home windows, no different actions are required from right here.
    • Now we’re able to Announce the Host on SIA community with customized DNS tackle
    • Go to “Configuration” tab, on prime proper examine “Accept Contracts“, click on “Announce“, enter your customized host identify eg: siahost.duia.eu:9982, click on “Announce Host
    • Now the host will start the itemizing, it would take some time as a result of the system will benchmark your host and a rating can be give primarily based in your configuration and web velocity, eg: https://siastats.information/hosts?=233

Sia Host After Few Days

Sia Host After 1 Year

All You Need to Know About SIA Host Rank

Also generally known as Host Scoring Metrics, your rank is what determines what number of contracts you’ll get. When searching for a node to host their knowledge, the renter introduces the value they’re keen to pay and the system provides them the highest hosts in that worth class. This implies that having low charges alone gained’t essentially get you extra contracts. If you need to be on the highest, right here’s what you’ll want to know:

  • Uptime – This is an important issue. Your host will need to have good uptime and run the most recent software program model. The community retains a observe file of your uptime so attempt to hold it as near 100% as doable since day 1. SIA will get software program updates repeatedly so be certain that to examine for updates no less than each couple weeks.
  • Your rank drops in case your remaining storage will get below the 4TB mark. When that occurs, your rank will get immediately decreased by a whooping 50% till you free some area or add extra storage.
  • Pricing – setting the proper worth is vital: if it’s too low, it would lead to demotivation. If you haven’t already, examine my article the place I break down learn how to set your internet hosting worth as excessive as doable with out shedding contracts.
  • Host age Your rank can be 50% or much less of what it must be till it hits the 42 days outdated mark. There’s no approach round this, simply hold the host reside with a great uptime so your observe file is sweet.

Note: Your rank can be a large number for the primary few days after you launch your node. This is okay. During that point, your host would possibly get a really low rank. Don’t panic. Let the community benchmark your host for every week or so earlier than doing any conclusions.

The SIA community has nodes situated on three servers all all over the world that always monitor hosts for bandwidth, uptime and latency. Those assessments are known as ‘benchmarks’ and so they decide the rank of the host. It’s okay to have higher latency and add/obtain speeds with one among them.

My Rank Is Decent But I Am Getting Few Contracts, What’s Wrong?

There are two elements that may have an effect on your contracts:

  • Your pricing would possibly want some tweaking; examine your opponents.
  • There are fairly just a few nodes geographically near you so there’s extra provide than demand.
  • On that notice, the community itself remains to be small. Patience is essential right here – It will take a while to refill all of the area.

SIA Mining

As for right now, the one worthwhile approach of mining SIA coin is through the use of an ASIC. GPU mining is feasible nevertheless it’s now not worthwhile. There was an incident with SIA bricking most present ASICs by making an algorithm change, leaving solely the Obelisk SC-1 models appropriate with the brand new algo.As for right now, these models should not on sale and despite the fact that they are often bought from third occasion websites, the excessive worth and low profitability combo makes them an choice few people may be keen on.

In Conclusion

Hosting a SIA node isn’t for everybody nevertheless it’s fairly easy and simple to do. If you haven’t already, be certain that to examine my evaluation on internet hosting profitability. You will want that data to set the costs proper.

If you’ll be able to’t afford to run a robust PC as a Sia host, you will get a RaspberryPi with 4GB RAM. Either approach, give it a strive however don’t put all of your eggs in a single basket.

I want to thank Meije Sibbel (Co-founder & COO) from storewise.tech for proving me a lion’s share of the knowledge I find out about SIA internet hosting and renting. Meije Sibbel is aware of the ins and outs of SIA and he’s at present creating the S3 API interface to Sia. Storewise.tech is platform that’s constructed on SIA that has related functionalities to wetransfer.com. It’s an awesome platform and I can personally suggest it. I’ve been utilizing it for some time now and I’m not wanting again.

Thank you for studying. As at all times, your feedback, recommendations and questions are welcome.

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